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November 12, 2021 3 min read

Scented candles have that mood-boosting effect, which is why they’re perfect to light up after a long, stressful week or when you just need to relax in the middle of the day. Most of the time, we just pick them off the store’s shelf or add to cart online, proceed to checkout, then light them up. But have you ever wondered how they are made and what’s in them?

In this article, we’ll let you in on the candle-making process and the basic ingredients your favorite scented candle has.

How Are Candles Made? 

Candlemakers begin by melting the wax and adding color and scent. After that, the wax is poured into a container. Finally, they insert a wick into the candle and allow it to cool. These candles are then packaged in pretty containers, ready to be displayed on a store shelf or sold online, like in Lovespoon Candles.

What’s in Your Scented Candle?

1. Wax

Wax is the primary component of any candle. There are different types of wax, from paraffin and gel to soy, palm, and beeswax. At Lovespoon Candles, we use natural soy wax as it burns cleaner, is more environmentally friendly, and lasts longer. 

2. Wick

Wicks are made from wood and cotton. Cotton is the most common type of candle wick, though some candles use wooden wicks. Cotton wicks are braided, and the size of the candle will proportionally determine the size of the wick.

3. Additives

Additives are used to make the scent more pronounced. Some additives are also used to preserve the candle’s properties or enhance them. Here are some of the common additives you’ll find in your favorite candles:

4. Beeswax

Beeswax is added to candle waxes to increase burn time and also as an ingredient to enhance candle color.

5. Petrolatum

Petrolatum, a petroleum byproduct, is a wax softener. When the wax is softened, it takes the shape of the container it will be placed in and also prevents the candle from shrinking. 

6. Fragrance Oils

Artificial compounds, called synthetic fragrance oils, are added to candles to produce the desired scent. Candlemakers usually trim wicks less than 1/ 4” to prevent an increase of candle soot due to the presence of synthetic fragrances.

7. Stearic Acid

Stearic acid helps the formed candles be easily removed from the candle molders. Furthermore, this ingredient prevents any leak from fragrance oil. Stearic acid also intensifies the dye’s colors. 

8. Vybar

A polymer substance, Vybar, is used as an alternative ingredient in the absence of stearic acid. Vybar helps candles have lasting aromas. Moreover, this polymer substance improves the color intensity of dyes in the candle.

9. Polysorbate 80

Polysorbate 80 is added to candles to act as a stabilizer and emulsifier. This is beneficial when emulsifying aroma with the candle wax to ensure even distribution.


Candle making is an art, and knowing what’s in your favorite candle will make you appreciate it even more. There are several basic ingredients that make up candles, including wax, wick, and a list of additives that complete the candle’s composition. If you’re shopping for another candle to add to your collection, don’t forget to peek at the ingredients list!

Check out Lovespoon Candles' scented candles. We carry thebest soy candles in our collection, available in various sweet scents such as Lavender, Vanilla Bean, Banana Nut Bread, and more! Shop now!

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